"Croix de Guerre"

"Croix de Guerre"

Dr. Edward John Porteous, Northern Nigeria Field Force, born at Alva, Clackmannanshire in 1878, was the fourth son of James Porteous, a Woollen Manufacturer, and Margaret Porteous, of Turfhills, Kinross.

His siblings were Archibald, Sydney, Francis David, William and Dorothy Margaret.

Approximately 400 German troops were thought to be on Cameroon Mountain

On 18 December 1916, the Alloa Journal reported:

Croix de Guerre for an Alva Native

Dr Edward J. Porteous, formerly of Meadow Park, Alva, was serving in the Colonial Medical Service in Northern Nigeria when war broke out, and at the commencement of hostilities he became attached to the Northern Nigerian Field Force, which co-operated with the French in driving the Germans out of their strongholds in the Cameroons. Dr Porteous saw a lot of fighting which took place there, and for distinguishing himself in the campaign the French Government awarded him the coveted honour of the Croix de Guerre, a military decoration. Writing to his father, Col James Porteous, DL, Turfhills, Kinross, Dr Porteous tells how the medal was presented to him in Nigeria on his return from home leave to headquarters in Africa, and describes the medal as a very handsome one, and in many ways resembling the British Victoria Cross, with crossed swords overlying. Besides attending to his medical duties in Nigeria - where he has been engaged for about ten years - Dr Porteous found time to give some attention to Natural History, and many fine specimens fell to his gun.

The French Croix de Guerre was instituted on 8 April 1915 by the French Government to recognize acts of bravery in the face of the enemy, specifically those acts mentioned in dispatches.


 troops of the 1st Battalion, Nigerian Regiment, about to depart Kaduna for action in German Kamerun (1914).
Troops of the 1st Battalion, Nigerian Regiment, about to depart Kaduna for action in German Kamerun (1914).